1) First, choose your topic by asking a question you wish to answer through scientific literature investigation. This question can be ANYTHING related to movement science, therapy/rehab, sport performance, biomechanics, etc—make it something you’re passionate about and want to know!

2) Next, find two journal articles that help to answer your scientific question.

3) For this abstract write up, use the two journal articles you find and formulate ONE abstract that synthesizes the information from your two articles.

4) See below for more specific information found within each section as well. Please BOLD the headings in your abstract (INTRODUCTION, METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION)

I. Introduction:

a. Background Information: From the 2 peer-reviewed journal articles. a. Highlight what is know/unknown.

b. Discuss the value or importance of the studies. Let this lead directly to your Hypotheses.

b. Hypothesis: What do you expect to find?

a. A hypothesis is a specific, testable prediction about what you expect to happen. Remember, a hypothesis is an educated guess based on the background information presented. Remember, through your scientific investigation, you’re going to find out if your hypothesis is supported OR refuted.

II. Methods:

a. Subject Characteristics: (sample size, age, gender, height, mass).

b. Experimental Protocol: a. What were the experiments? What tools or measurement devices were used? Explain procedures and equipment used.

​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​c. Data Analysis: Explain the mathematical principles/give formulae used in the papers (if necessary).

III. Results: (Tables, figures & charts)

a) Present the most relevant data in written format.

b) Present any relevant data in table and graphical format—pull tables, figures, charts, etc directly from your articles and put them in the abstract. You can also get creative here and create tables and graphs that cross-reference the data in both articles.

IV. Discussion: Synthesize the results and findings from your articles.

a) Provide a brief statement of whether your results support or refute your hypotheses (a hypothesis is never proved or disproved). Provide specific examples from your data that led you to this conclusion.

b) Compare and/or contrast your articles/data/findings.

c) Discuss the implications of your results. What is the “real world” or clinical significance of your findings? Where appropriate, make recommendations for clinical practice based on the findings. How can a clinician/professional (e.g., exercise scientist, coach, athletic trainer, physical therapist, etc.) apply the results of your study to their practice? When discussing the implications, use verbs that suggest some uncertainty such as “suggest”, or “imply.”

d) Finally, what were the limitations in the studies, and what are your major recommendations for further research? Focus on one or two major recommendations.

Reference(s): Cite your 2 peer-reviewed journal articles using APA/MLA citation style. Include this at the end of your abstract. See the abstract example on Canvas for ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​further guidance!