Title (5 points)

  1. Does the title clearly and concisely describe the study?
  2. Are the variables included in the title?
  3. Is the population/sample included in the title?
  4. Is the length of the title appropriate? Cite recommended length.
  5. Unless the title is perfect, create a new title for the study which includes all of the factors listed above.

Abstract (5 points)

  1. Is an abstract included in the article?
  2. Does the abstract include a statement of the problem, purpose, and/or hypotheses?
  3. Does the abstract briefly summarize design, methodology, results and/or conclusions?
  4. Is the abstract adequate – why or why not?

Confidence in the Findings of the Report (5 points)

  1. What are the qualifications of the investigator(s)?
  2. What evidence is there in this report that they are qualified to conduct this study?
  3. What other articles have the authors published in this area of research?
  4. Is this article published in a refereed journal?
  5. What are the dates of submission of the report and the publication of the report?

Theoretical/Conceptual Framework (10 points)

  1. Is the framework explicitly expressed or must it be extracted from the literature review? If not, does this detract from the significance of the research?
  2. Is a particular theory or model identified as a framework for the study?
  3. Are the concepts to be studied identified and defined?
  4. Are measures for each of the concepts identified and described?
  5. Does the research problem flow naturally from the conceptual framework?
  6. Does the framework present the relationships among the concepts?
  7. Is there a concept map that explains the basic variables and relationships? Is it complete and easy for the reader to understand?

Protection of Human Rights (5 points)

  1. Is there evidence of an institutional review board (IRB)/independent ethics committee review?
  2. Has the study been designed to minimize risk and maximize benefits to participants?
  3. Is there an indication that participants gave voluntary, informed consent?
  4. Is there evidence in the study that individuals can be identified?

The Problem (10 points)

  1. What is the study problem?
  2. Was the problem statement introduced promptly?
  3. Is the problem significant to nursing and is the significance described?
  4. Has the purpose for conducting the research been explained?
  5. Is the problem linked to a theoretical or conceptual framework?
  6. Does the theoretical or conceptual framework describe and define the concepts of interest?
  7. Are the concepts in the framework linked with the variables in the study?
  8. What are the research variables and how are they defined and measured (conceptually/ operationally)?
  9. Will an answer to the problem provide insight into clinical applicability of the problem?

Research Questions/Hypotheses (10 points)

  1. Are research questions or hypotheses formally stated? If no, should they be included?
  2. Do the research questions and hypotheses naturally flow from the research problem and the theoretical framework?
  3. Do each research question or hypotheses contain at least two variables?
  4. Are the research questions or hypothesis worded clearly and objectively? Is a prediction evident?
  5. If there is not a research question or hypotheses, write one for the study and explain why your hypotheses or research question fits the study.

Review of the Literature (5 points)

  1. Is the review comprehensive, logically organized, and relevant to the problem?
  2. Is the relationship to the research purpose evident?
  3. Does it include recent research?
  4. Is the review paraphrased adequately or is it a string of quotations from the original sources?
  5. Is the review merely a summary of past work or does it critically appraise and compare the contributions of key studies?
  6. Does the review conclude with a brief synopsis of the literature and its implication for the problem under investigation?

Research Design (5 points)

  1. What research design has been used for this study?
  2. Is the design of the study adequately described?
  3. Does the study include a treatment or intervention? If so, is the treatment clearly described and consistently implemented?
  4. Is the design appropriate for the research question and purpose of the research?
  5. Has enough information been given to permit replication?

Sampling (10 points)

  1. Is the target population carefully described?
  2. Are sample selection procedures clearly defined?
  3. Does the sampling method fit the research design?
  4. Are potential sample biases described?
  5. Is the sample sufficient?
  6. Did the authors use power analysis to document that the study size was adequate or inadequate?
  7. How was the sample size justified?
  8. To whom can the study results be generalized?
  9. Is the setting of the study appropriate for the research question?

Data Collection (10 points)

  1. Describe the instruments used for data collection?
  2. Has rationale been given for the selection of instruments?
  3. Are instruments congruent with the research question?
  4. Are instruments suitable for use with the study sample?
  5. If the instrument was developed specifically for the study, are the procedures for its development described?
  6. If the instruments are new or adapted form earlier versions, have they been properly pre-tested?
  7. Is evidence for the reliability of the instruments presented? If yes, are the reliability coefficients of an acceptable magnitude? Is the type of reliability estimates obtained the most appropriate?
  8. Is evidence for the validity of the instruments pre-tested? If yes, does the evidence indicate that the instruments are sufficiently valid for the use to which they are put?

Quantitative Analysis (10 points)

  1. Do the research design and the study questions fit with the analysis methods used?
  2. Does the level of measurement of the data fit with the type of statistics used?
  3. Was the level of significance or alpha identified? If so indicate the level and its meaning for the research.
  4. Is the link between the analysis and the findings logical and clear?
  5. Is the statistical result presented clearly both in the text as well as in numerical presentation?
  6. Are graphic displays clear, simple, and accurate?
  7. Are the results related to the study framework? If so, do the findings support the study framework?
  8. Which findings are consistent with those expected?
  9. Which findings are unexpected?
  10. How does the researcher generalize the findings?

Conclusions and Recommendations (5 points)

  1. What are the strengths and weakness of the study?  Are they clearly identified by the researcher or did you have to infer what they are?
  2. Could any of the weaknesses been corrected?
  3. Are results of data analysis clearly explained in reference to research questions, hypotheses and theoretical framework?
  4. Has the researcher generalized the significant findings beyond the study sample to the population?
  5. What research questions emerge form the findings? Did the research identify these questions?
  6. What recommendations for nursing practice and future research studies have been made? Are these recommendations supported by the data?

APA style/In-ext citations/References/Adherence to the page limit (5 points)