Title (5 points)
- Does the title clearly and concisely describe the study?
- Are the variables included in the title?
- Is the population/sample included in the title?
- Is the length of the title appropriate? Cite recommended length.
- Unless the title is perfect, create a new title for the study which includes all of the factors listed above.
Abstract (5 points)
- Is an abstract included in the article?
- Does the abstract include a statement of the problem, purpose, and/or hypotheses?
- Does the abstract briefly summarize design, methodology, results and/or conclusions?
- Is the abstract adequate – why or why not?
Confidence in the Findings of the Report (5 points)
- What are the qualifications of the investigator(s)?
- What evidence is there in this report that they are qualified to conduct this study?
- What other articles have the authors published in this area of research?
- Is this article published in a refereed journal?
- What are the dates of submission of the report and the publication of the report?
Theoretical/Conceptual Framework (10 points)
- Is the framework explicitly expressed or must it be extracted from the literature review? If not, does this detract from the significance of the research?
- Is a particular theory or model identified as a framework for the study?
- Are the concepts to be studied identified and defined?
- Are measures for each of the concepts identified and described?
- Does the research problem flow naturally from the conceptual framework?
- Does the framework present the relationships among the concepts?
- Is there a concept map that explains the basic variables and relationships? Is it complete and easy for the reader to understand?
Protection of Human Rights (5 points)
- Is there evidence of an institutional review board (IRB)/independent ethics committee review?
- Has the study been designed to minimize risk and maximize benefits to participants?
- Is there an indication that participants gave voluntary, informed consent?
- Is there evidence in the study that individuals can be identified?
The Problem (10 points)
- What is the study problem?
- Was the problem statement introduced promptly?
- Is the problem significant to nursing and is the significance described?
- Has the purpose for conducting the research been explained?
- Is the problem linked to a theoretical or conceptual framework?
- Does the theoretical or conceptual framework describe and define the concepts of interest?
- Are the concepts in the framework linked with the variables in the study?
- What are the research variables and how are they defined and measured (conceptually/ operationally)?
- Will an answer to the problem provide insight into clinical applicability of the problem?
Research Questions/Hypotheses (10 points)
- Are research questions or hypotheses formally stated? If no, should they be included?
- Do the research questions and hypotheses naturally flow from the research problem and the theoretical framework?
- Do each research question or hypotheses contain at least two variables?
- Are the research questions or hypothesis worded clearly and objectively? Is a prediction evident?
- If there is not a research question or hypotheses, write one for the study and explain why your hypotheses or research question fits the study.
Review of the Literature (5 points)
- Is the review comprehensive, logically organized, and relevant to the problem?
- Is the relationship to the research purpose evident?
- Does it include recent research?
- Is the review paraphrased adequately or is it a string of quotations from the original sources?
- Is the review merely a summary of past work or does it critically appraise and compare the contributions of key studies?
- Does the review conclude with a brief synopsis of the literature and its implication for the problem under investigation?
Research Design (5 points)
- What research design has been used for this study?
- Is the design of the study adequately described?
- Does the study include a treatment or intervention? If so, is the treatment clearly described and consistently implemented?
- Is the design appropriate for the research question and purpose of the research?
- Has enough information been given to permit replication?
Sampling (10 points)
- Is the target population carefully described?
- Are sample selection procedures clearly defined?
- Does the sampling method fit the research design?
- Are potential sample biases described?
- Is the sample sufficient?
- Did the authors use power analysis to document that the study size was adequate or inadequate?
- How was the sample size justified?
- To whom can the study results be generalized?
- Is the setting of the study appropriate for the research question?
Data Collection (10 points)
- Describe the instruments used for data collection?
- Has rationale been given for the selection of instruments?
- Are instruments congruent with the research question?
- Are instruments suitable for use with the study sample?
- If the instrument was developed specifically for the study, are the procedures for its development described?
- If the instruments are new or adapted form earlier versions, have they been properly pre-tested?
- Is evidence for the reliability of the instruments presented? If yes, are the reliability coefficients of an acceptable magnitude? Is the type of reliability estimates obtained the most appropriate?
- Is evidence for the validity of the instruments pre-tested? If yes, does the evidence indicate that the instruments are sufficiently valid for the use to which they are put?
Quantitative Analysis (10 points)
- Do the research design and the study questions fit with the analysis methods used?
- Does the level of measurement of the data fit with the type of statistics used?
- Was the level of significance or alpha identified? If so indicate the level and its meaning for the research.
- Is the link between the analysis and the findings logical and clear?
- Is the statistical result presented clearly both in the text as well as in numerical presentation?
- Are graphic displays clear, simple, and accurate?
- Are the results related to the study framework? If so, do the findings support the study framework?
- Which findings are consistent with those expected?
- Which findings are unexpected?
- How does the researcher generalize the findings?
Conclusions and Recommendations (5 points)
- What are the strengths and weakness of the study? Are they clearly identified by the researcher or did you have to infer what they are?
- Could any of the weaknesses been corrected?
- Are results of data analysis clearly explained in reference to research questions, hypotheses and theoretical framework?
- Has the researcher generalized the significant findings beyond the study sample to the population?
- What research questions emerge form the findings? Did the research identify these questions?
- What recommendations for nursing practice and future research studies have been made? Are these recommendations supported by the data?
APA style/In-ext citations/References/Adherence to the page limit (5 points)