Account for/assess the growth of states in the Western Sudan between the 10th and the 16th

century, paying attention to the role of trade, religion, and the reconstruction of history through
oral and written sources.

Questions:
The First question
Account for/assess the growth of states in the Western Sudan between the 10th and the 16th
century, paying attention to the role of trade, religion, and the reconstruction of history through
oral and written sources.
The Second question
The history of Europe and Africa has long been interrelated. Pick one or two themes in the
relationship between these two continents. Comment on, and assess, the historical relationship
between Europe and Africa, with particular emphasis on these themes, assessing Europe’s
legacy, if any, on the African societies they encountered.
Task:
⚫ You should write two essays answering the two questions above.
⚫ Each essay must have at least 2050 words. Each essay must have its own cover page and
bibliography.
⚫ You should write the First essay answering the First question based on the contents from the
reading materials in the file named “Reading_1.zip”. The First essay must cite at least SIX
different readings from the reading materials in the file named “Reading_1.zip”. Among
the SIX sources, a MINIMUM OF TWO SOURCES MUST BE PRIMARY SOURCES.
◼ You can download the “Reading_1.zip” file with this URL:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/bkvhqmr5xkwqzqs/Readings_1.zip
⚫ You should write the Second essay answering the Second question based on the contents from
the reading materials in the file named “Reading_2.zip”. The Second essay MUST CITE at
least SIX different readings from the reading materials in the file named “Reading_2.zip”.
Among the SIX sources, a MINIMUM OF TWO SOURCES MUST BE PRIMARY
SOURCES.
◼ You can download the “Reading_2.zip” file with this URL:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/9m91w44euq1ccvy/Readings_2.zip
(If you have any difficulty to download the two files through the internet link address above or
to open them, please message me ASAP. I don’t really have an enough time.)
⚫ Use Chicago Style. Use proper and consistent citations.
⚫ Do not cite materials from outside of the provided reading materials.
⚫ The question has been framed broadly to allow you to interpret it in a manner you see fit.
While there is no right or wrong answer to the question, there are parameters that have been
drawn which should guide your answer. The more generalized a response is the weaker your
paper will be.
⚫ Remember to include an argument, including a clear thesis. Be as concrete and specific as you
can, using examples to support your thesis. Your essay should be written clearly, follow
proper grammar rules, avoid spelling mistakes and be organized and logical in the presentation
of its argument.
⚫ Remember to include an argument, including a clear thesis. Be as concrete and specific as you
can, using examples to support your thesis. Your essay should be written clearly, follow proper
grammar rules, avoid spelling mistakes and be organized and logical in the presentation of its
argument.
⚫ In your introduction lay out the arguments or statements that you intend to prove in your essay.
Avoid rhetorical questions. A better option is to state your argument, and then, list supporting
arguments in chronological order. Tell the reader what caused events to happen, when and why.
You should be able to prove your causal argument. Use the topic sentences of your paragraphs
to explain why the paragraph is important to your larger argument. In other words, the topic
sentence should summarize the paragraph, but also link it back to one of the supporting
arguments that you listed in your introductory paragraph. The conclusion of your essay should
restate your original argument in light of the data and facts that were discussed in the text of
your essay. This is a history course. You must be aware of chronology (that something
happened before something else), have dates, or at least periodize, in almost every paragraph.