What experience, situation, or subculture does the researcher seek to understand?

Does the researcher want to produce a description of an experience, a social process, or an event, or is the goal to generate a theory?

How was data collected?

How did the researcher control his or her biases and preconceptions?

Are specific pieces of data (e.g., direct quotes) and more generalized statements (themes, theories) included in the report?

What are the main findings of the study?


Is the study published in a source  

that required peer review?  Yes   No   Not clear

Were the methods used appropriate  

to the study purpose?  Yes   No   Not clear

Was the sampling of observations or  

interviews appropriate and varied  

enough to serve the purpose of the  study?  Yes   No   Not clear

*Were data collection methods  

effective in obtaining in-depth data?  Yes   No   Not clear

Did the data collection methods  

avoid the possibility of oversight,  

underrepresentation, or  

overrepresentation from certain  

types of sources?  Yes   No   Not clear

Were data collection and analysis  

intermingled in a dynamic way?  Yes   No   Not clear

*Is the data presented in ways that  

provide a vivid portrayal of what was  

experienced or happened and its  

context?  Yes   No   Not clear

*Does the data provided justify  

generalized statements, themes,  

or theory?  Yes   No   Not clear

Are the findings credible?  Yes All   Yes Some   No

Clinical Significance

*Are the findings rich and informative?  Yes   No   Not clear

*Is the perspective provided  

potentially useful in providing  

insight, support, or guidance  

for assessing patient status  

or progress?