Write 5 full Annotated Bibliography entries for 5 new sources.  

Each new source must counter, oppose, and reject your thesis for your final project’s individual topic.

Use “Sample Extended Annotated Bibliography Essay 3”. Repeat pattern 5 times for 5 new sources (counterarguments).

Do not re-use research sources from Essay 1 or 2.

You may use Pico Iyer or Alain de Botton as your counterargument.

ESSAY 3 OUTLINE (rubric, grading criteria, skills required)

From your declarations at the beginning of this course, you must follow MLA or APA style.

Links to an external site.

The bibliographic information: Generally, though, the bibliographic information of the source (the title, author, publisher, date, etc.) is written in either MLA or APA format.

For each of your 5 Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.), write a minimum of 300 words.

Breakdown of each annotation: Use this exact format for each new source:  

Summary of Counterargument (100 words);

Assess the Counterargument: provide a Refutation (100 words);

Reflect: provide a solution with a Concession if needed (100 words).

*Refer to Annotated Bibliography link and Definitions below.  

Definitions of each part of annotation:
Summary of Counterargument: Define and present the source’s objective thesis. Provide a neutral reporting of the source’s argument against yours own. What rhetorical appeals (ethos, pathos, logos, kairos, intertextuality) does the source use effectively to gain followers? 

In other words,”Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this article/book is about, what would you say? 

 Prove why the source is wrong: identify the source’s specific logical fallacies. How can you fix the source’s blindspots and/or oversights?  What are the consequences for the demographic(s) that the counterargument fails to serve, address, and/or consider?

In other words,”After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source?” (Purdue Online Writing Lab).

Reflect = Concession: Reach a (hypothetical and/or metaphorical) compromise with this counterargument. Remember, a concession is a conceding argument, yielding, or compromising in some way; albeit, grudgingly or unwillingly.

In other words,”Once you’ve summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic?” (Purdue Online Writing Lab).



Identify Rhetorical Appeals (Intertextuality, Kairos, Ethos, Pathos, Logos) for Essay 3 & Final Project

Identify Logical Fallacies for your Refutation Paragraphs



You must have a minimum of 5 credible, reliable, sources which dates within the last 20 years.

You are allowed to use more internet sources; however, you must have 5 from IVC databases (credible, peer-reviewed sources).

Do not re-use, repeat, nor recycle any sources from Essay 1 or Essay 2.

How to apply CRAAP Test How to Evaluate Credible Sources

Resources & Tools for all Essays: The Writing Process & MLA / APA Citations

IVC Resources: Writing Center & Student Success Center

Extra Credit: Library Workshops: Self Paced