Assignment 2: analyse the system design process of a project


This assessment requires you critically analyse the system design process of a project using the theory and principles studied during the course. This assessment item relates to the course learning outcomes 1 to 5.


Chapters 1-6, 9 & 14, Blanchard and Fabrycky


You have already analysed the conceptual design of a project in assignment 1. In this assessment, you are required to write a report which critically analyses the preliminary design and detailed design and production phases of the project discussed in assignment 1. Particular attention is to be paid to the system test, evaluation and validation processes employed, human factors and any optimisations that were required.

To demonstrate your research skills and understanding, the report should:

  • Include relevant theories and models
  • Draw upon relevant sources like journals, books or reputable trade publications in analysing the project (at least 5 publications, including a minimum of 2 peer reviewed research articles)



The report should follow the Business Report Format. The Preliminary Section should include the Title Page, the Executive Summary and a Table of Contents. The Body of the Report should have an introduction, conclusion and recommendations. It should also include your analysis and discussion. You don’t need to include the Assumptions section. The report should also have a Reference List (and Appendices if required). You are expected to use the Harvard Referencing style for the paper. 


The 2000 (±10%) word length includes only the Body of the Report. It does not include the Preliminary Section (Title Page, Executive Summary and Table of Contents), the reference list or appendices.

Assessment Criteria

1. Introduction (10 Marks)

2. Preliminary design (10 Marks)

3. Detailed design and development (10 Marks)

4. System test, evaluation & validation and optimisation (10 Marks)

5. Conclusion (5 marks)

6. Research skills (10 marks)

7. Grammar and spelling (5 Marks)

Possible Sol:

… The preliminary design criteria

Design for functional capability

The Crossrail Project was implemented as a result of the need to ensure that sustainable transport system to cater for the need of the surging London’s population. The Crossrail Project is expected to cover 118 Km which has two phases. The first phase is on ground rail network covering 34 Km while the second Phase consists of 84 km twin-bore tunnels (Crossrail, 2015).

The Crossrail Project is connected to existing rail network, and other transport networks will serve as to help in decongesting the existing facilities. According to Chrimes (2016), the Crossrail Project will be composed of the ground rail network and underground network. The underground network will be composed of tunnels in different sections of the project. The project will have five tunneled sections which will total 84 km.

The core components of the Crossrail project include the rail stations that will be located along the rail line. According to Dodgson et al. (2014), the Crossrail project will have ten stations that will be adequate to support the targeted number of users.

The five tunnels are conveniently located on the Crossrail Project in that they are situated in locations that have high traffic from other transport network. The five tunnel points in the Crossrail project include Limmo Peninsula to Farringdon tunnel, Royal Oak to Farringdon tunnel, Pudding Mill Lane to Stepney Green tunnel, Plumstead to North Woolwich (Thames tunnel section) tunnel and Limmo Peninsula to Victoria Dock tunnel (Davies et al., 2014). The twin tunnels at each section are excavated with Tunnel Boring Machines (TBMs) whereby either the Earth pressure balance tunnel boring machine or the Mixed Shield Machine is utilized depending on the soil type of the specific locality….. 


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