Using the financial ratios provided  and following the financial statement

information presented for Urban Outfitters, Inc., calculate the following ratios for

Urban Outfitters for both 2016 and 2017:

 a. Gross profit margin

 b. Operating profit margin

 c. Net profit margin

 d. Times-interest-earned (or coverage) ratio

 e. Return on stockholders’ equity

 f. Return on assets

 g. Debt-to-equity ratio

 h. Days of inventory

 i. Inventory turnover ratio

 j. Average collection period

Based on these ratios, did Urban Outfitter’s financial performance improve,

weaken, or remain about the same from 2016 to 2017?