Research Method implies the methods employed by the researcher to conduct research. Research methodology signifies way to efficiently solving research problems. … Behavior and instrument used in the selection and construction of the research technique. Science of understanding, how research is performed methodically.

Understanding the difference between methods and methodology is of paramount importance. Method is simply a research tool, a component of research – say for example, a qualitative method such as interviews. Methodology is the justification for using a particular research method

In writing a research proposal you need a methodology to explain where you are coming from and why you want to do the research in a particular way. … Explaining your methodology helps others know why you want to do your research in a particular way. It helps others know that you know what you are doing