PURPOSE: To determine the rigor with which the methods were applied. 


  1. An appreciation for the philosophical foundation of qualitative research.
  2. A basic knowledge of different qualitative approaches is essential.
  3. A degree of empathy for the participant’s perspective.



            Did the authors…

  1. Identify the problem that led to the study. Was the problem explicitly stated or described?
  2. Establish the significance of the study? Why should the reader care about this study? [Look for statements about human suffering, treatment costs, or the number of people affected by the problem.]
  3. Identify a personal connection or motivation for selecting the topic of the study? [For example, the researcher may choose to study the lived experience of a man undergoing radiation therapy for prostate cancer after the researcher’s father underwent the same treatment.] Acknowledge motives and identified personal biases. 



            Did the authors…

  1. Identify the purpose of the study. Is the purpose a logical approach to addressing the problem of the study? 
  2. List the research questions that the study was supposed to answer?
  3. List research questions directly related to the problem and purpose?
  4. Explain why a qualitative method was the best approach to answer the research question(s).



            Did the authors…

  1. Cite quantitative and qualitative studies relevant to the focus of the study? What other types of literature did the authors review?
  2. Cite current literature? [For qualitative studies, the authors may have included studies older than the 5-year limit typically used for quantitative studies.]
  3. Identify the disciplines of the authors cited in the literature review section?
  4. Search several databases for articles?
  5. Evaluate or indicate the studies weaknesses or limitations?
  6. Include adequate synthesis of information or evidence to build a credible argument for “why” the study is needed?



            Did the authors…

  1. Identify a specific perspective from which the study was developed?
  2. If a broad philosophy was used like “phenomenology” was a specific philosopher like Husserl or Heidegger identified?
  3. Cite a primary reference source for the philosophical foundation?



            Did the authors…

  1. Identify the stated or implied research approach used for the study?
  2. Provide a description of the approach used?
  3. Describe the methods of the study to be consistent with the research tradition?



            Did the authors…

  1. Identify how the study participants were selected?
  2. Identify the sites for participant recruitment? Did the sites for the study “fit” the sampling needs of the study?
  3. Identify the inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study?
  4. Identify if the selected participants were able to provide data relevant to the study’s purpose and research questions?
  5. Identify how many people participated in the study? Did any refuse? Did any start and not finish?
  6. Describe the setting?



            Did the authors…

  1. Identify how the data were collected in this study? What rationale did the authors provide for using this specific data collection method?
  2. Identify the time period in which data collection took place?
  3. Describe the sequence of data collection events for a participant? [For example, were data collected from a series of interviews or from a single interview?]
  4. Identify any changes to the methods in response to the context of early data collection?



            Did the authors…

  1. Identify the benefits and risks of participants? Are there any risks or benefits not described?
  2. Adjust recruitment and/or consent techniques to accommodate the sensitivity of the subject matter or potential psychological distress of the potential participants?
  3. Describe data collection and management techniques in acknowledgement of participant sensitivity and vulnerability? [For example, did the authors describe having a counselor or other resource available for participants who might become upset or disturb by the study methods?]



            Did the authors…

  1. Describe the data management and analysis methods used in the study? 
  2. Describe how the rigor of the process was ensured? [For example, did the authors describe maintaining a paper trail of critical decisions during an analysis of the study?]
  3. Describe the measures that were used to minimize or allow for the effects of researcher bias? [Researcher bias may affect data analysis. Bias means that the experiences and perspective of the researcher doing the analysis may impact the analysis and results.]
  4. Select a data management plan that fit the research purpose and data?



            Did the authors…

  1. Describe the findings address the purpose of the study?
  2. Analyze the data sufficiently? [Findings are expected to be more than the words stated by the participants. The researcher is expected to identify themes or abstract concepts that emerge from the data.]
  3. Describe the interpretations of the data? Were the interpretations congruent with the data collected?
  4. Address variations in the findings in relation to relevant sample characteristics?



            Did the authors…

  1. Describe if the findings offer new information about the target phenomenon?
  2. Link the findings to findings in other studies? 
  3. Describe the clinical, policy, theoretical, and other significance of the findings?


  1. FORM:


As a reader…


  1. Were you able to hear the voice of the participants and gain an understanding of the phenomenon studies?
  2. Were you able to easily identify the elements of the research report?
  3. Were the findings presented logically?
  4. Did the overall presentation of the study fit its purpose, method, and findings? 
  5. Most importantly, did this study help you to “think theoretically” or in some other way about your program of research? [Please elaborate!]


 Welcome to one of the bestassignmenthelpcompanies  online .

·         Do you want to order for a customized assignment help task?

·          Click on the order now button 

·         Set up your topic, Fix the number of pages, Fix your Order instructions 

·         Set up your deadline, upload the necessary files required to complete the task, Complete the payment.

 We delivery high quality and non plagiarized tasks within the stipulated time given