We have often discussed codes of honour and shame in our course. The regaining of

lost honour may or may not be associated with revenge. With reference to three of the

following texts, discuss the values at stake in performing or refusing to perform revenge.

What differing attitudes are readers or spectators expected to take to the protagonist’s

(or protagonists’) efforts to re-establish honour? Select THREE from:

– Homer, The Odyssey, trans. Emily Wilson

– Euripides, Medea

– Sophocles, Oedipus the King

– Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quijote (Only Part 1)

– William Shakespeare, The Tempest

– John Milton, Paradise Lost (Only Books 1-4, 8-10)

– Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Response

– Mary Shelly, Frankenstein

– Monique Mojica, Princess Pocahontas and the Blue Spots

– Monique Mojica, Pantomime

– Wajdi Mouawad, Scorched.


Ritual practices are studied in the disciplines of Anthropology or Religion. They are

often, however, of central importance to literary works. Consider the ritual of burial OR

the ritual of cannibalism (formerly anthropophagy) OR the ritual of encountering a

stranger (or strangers) in the “contact zone.” What significance does the text give the

selected ritual in connection with issues of social cohesion, personal integrity, or

religious tradition? How does it contribute to the development of the plot?

Discuss the selected ritual’s importance to THREE of the following:

– Homer, The Odyssey, trans. Emily Wilson

– de la Cruz’s Loa, The Divine Narcissus

– Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe

– Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis

– Monique Mojica, Princess Pocahontas and the Blue Spots

– Wajdi Mouawad, Scorched.

If you wish, you may refer to the other rituals mentioned above even if they are not of

central concern to your essay.