Write a two- or three-page paper outlining a hypothesis, the concepts (variables) to be

measured, and how they will be measured. Specifically:


. Come up with a causal statement that involves two variables, e.g., “Being a victim of

ageism affects one’s self-esteem.”


. Provide a nominal and an operational definition for each variable (in this example,

“victim of ageism” and “self-esteem”).


 Explain how each operational definition has face validity.