Write a two- or three-page paper outlining a hypothesis, the concepts (variables) to be
measured, and how they will be measured. Specifically:
. Come up with a causal statement that involves two variables, e.g., “Being a victim of
ageism affects one’s self-esteem.”
. Provide a nominal and an operational definition for each variable (in this example,
“victim of ageism” and “self-esteem”).
Explain how each operational definition has face validity.