Topic One: The Role of Social Media in Disaster Response and Management
Social media is an essential platform for communication and information sharing. Social media play vital roles like gathering information, creating awareness, sending warnings, and enhancing response in disaster management. Social media supports people in their pursuit for reliable information to handle uncertainty about a crisis beyond the regular and slow updates by authorities (Jurgens&Helsloot, 2018). Therefore, social media increases the speed at which people access information about a situation, particularly in times of uncertainty. During disasters, social media plays the following roles;
- Information gathering
- Timely updates
- Sending warnings
- Enhancing response and preparation
- Contacting people affected
- And addressing uncertainty
There is a need to explore the role of social media in responding to and managing emergencies. The study will help contextualize social media in terms of its role in enhancing the effectiveness of managing disasters. The significance of this topic lies in the continued part of social media during various crises or disasters like earthquakes, violence, and pandemics.
Topic Two: The Role of Information Sharing in Disaster Response and Management
Information sharing influences disaster response because people’s reaction to a crisis is directly proportional to the information received. The free sharing of information increases the effectiveness of disaster response since people understand the development and make necessary changes to stay safe. Shared emergency alerts are essential elements of secondary crisis communication that update a disaster (Sheldon & Antony, 2018). Shared alerts are vital in enhancing response and guaranteeing safety during a crisis and are based on the significance of communication. A disaster can only be managed effectively if the information is shared faster and recipients respond to it more quickly. The participants’ response to the alerts influences the effectiveness of these alerts in creating a safe environment during disasters.
Information sharing plays vital roles in disaster response, like;
- Informing people on the danger zones
- Updating participants on new developments
- Providing information on safer areas and tactics
- Addressing uncertainty through constant updates