Native Americans had a spiritual vision of Nature and could not conceive land ownership as something respectable. European forced the Natives to adapt gradually to their notion of private property and land ownership

Views on gender roles, family, and property changed as a result of European influence. The introduction of guns, other weapons, and alcohol stimulated cultural and demographic changes in some Native American societies. Alliances with European nations changed politics and policies within and among tribes.

Native Americans might be considered to have understood the synergy between nature and their own lives better. The European mentality towards nature was one of utility, resource and ownership


Native Americans resisted change brought by contact with Europeans in the same period by waging war with the Europeans in order to preserve their culture. Some Native Americans also resisted change by refusing to convert to Christianity and instead kept their traditional religion.