. How is trauma represented in Madeleine Thien’s “Simple Recipes” and/or in Eden Robinson’s (Haisla) “Queen of the North”?

 In answering this question, you may want to consider various textual elements, such as the formal qualities of the writing, the representation of narrative time, and/or the use of “doubles” and “doubling.” You may also want to consider how the notion of guilt/culpability is complicated/problematized by these texts.