We propose measures to strengthen international security standards on the storage and transport of fissile materials; stop the spread of facilities capable of producing fissile materials (reprocessing and enrichment plants); end verifiably the production of fissile material for weapons; dispose of excess weapons .

These include continuing proliferation efforts, nationalism, great power competition, the spread of nuclear technology, the increasing burden on the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and polarization among NPT member states


.The connections between the spread of civilian nuclear power and the proliferation of nuclear weapons, however, are not clear-cut. The physical connection is simple: The fuel and by-product of light-water nuclear power reactors—enriched uranium and plutonium—can also be used to produce nuclear weapons.