Objectives  What does the article set out to do?

Theory  Is there an explicit theoretical framework? If not, are there important theoretical  assumptions?

Concepts  What are the central concepts? Are they clearly defined?

Argument  What is the central argument? Are there specific hypotheses?

Method  What methods are employed to test these?

Evidence  Is evidence provided? How adequate is it?

Values  Are value positions clear or are they implicit?

Literature  How does the work fit into the wider literature?

Contribution  How well does the work advance our knowledge of the subject?

Style  How clear is the author’s language/style/expression?