In the Middle Ages, groups of people believed that demons

possessed them. Such episodes of mass hysteria are now

explained by the concept of


. mimicry behavior c. alien abduction


. emotional contagion d. lycanthropy


. Moral treatment, the eighteenth century innovation of

Philippe Pinel and William Tuke, was characterized by


. daily compulsory church attendance


. imposition of a work schedule to teach patients duty and



. separation of patients from evil influences outside their homes


 kind treatment of patients and work to occupy their minds