In the Middle Ages, groups of people believed that demons

possessed them. Such episodes of mass hysteria are now

explained by the concept of

 

. mimicry behavior c. alien abduction

 

. emotional contagion d. lycanthropy

 

. Moral treatment, the eighteenth century innovation of

Philippe Pinel and William Tuke, was characterized by

 

. daily compulsory church attendance

 

. imposition of a work schedule to teach patients duty and

productivity

 

. separation of patients from evil influences outside their homes

 

 kind treatment of patients and work to occupy their minds