14)  Explain one of the backlashes to globalization that we have read about in this course.  Which worldview do the participants in this movement have?  How should companies respond to this situation in a country where it appears?

 

20)  What are the differences between import-substituting industrialization and export-promoting industrialization?  Give an example of a country that has followed each policy.  What should a company do in the situation where it faces a government that uses ISI policies?

 

 

5)   Describe the 3 worldviews of international political economy. Make sure to emphasize how the worldviews are different.  Give an example of one country that has moved from one worldview to another in the past 50 years. 

 

 

28)  Given that many emerging markets such as Brazil and Indonesia have tried on numerous occasions to force foreign companies to serve local needs and interests, what strategy would you recommend for Airbnb or KFC to operate in one of those two countries?

 

 

39)  What do you expect to be the impact of the New Development Bank that was set up by the BRICS countries in 2015?  Let’s say by 2020, what impact can you expect the bank to have, where, and in what way?  Could a company potentially work to get some of its financing needs covered by this bank, and how?

 

 

1)  Describe the 3 worldviews of international political economy and give an example of a country that today follows each one.  Make sure to emphasize how the worldviews are different. 

 

 

2)  What would David Ricardo (the originator of the idea of comparative advantage) say about the Trump Administration’s potential exit from the NAFTA agreement? What are major pros and cons about remaining in NAFTA for the US?

 

 

3) Who are two structuralist groups that you can identify, and explain why you see their views as structuralist.

 

 

4) Which worldview does the Global Financial Crisis most fit into, and why?  What should international companies do or have done in light of the crisis?

 

 

5) What is the same and what is different among liberalism, neo-liberalism, and embedded liberalism?

 

 

6)  How should a US company manager approach dealings with the Government of China?  Knowing that it is a communist country, while also a member of the WTO, what kinds of policies should the US company manager be paying attention to?

 

 

  1. Which worldview provides the best explanation of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)? In your answer, cite specific features of the IMF and its policies, and cite specific aspects of the worldview that explain why it is so applicable.   

 

 

2)  What lessons could a manager of a multinational company draw from knowing that the government of Germany follows an embedded liberal policy regime?  Should this affect the company’s activities (or potential activities) in Germany?

 

 

3)   What is the World Bank’s “cascade framework” to “maximize finance for development”?  How would it operate in evaluating a potential lending situation?

 

 

4)   There is a tendency to think of Globalization as an unstoppable force:  As Thomas Friedman said in his much-read book The World Is Flat, “the flattening of the world is largely … unstoppable.”  Yet an earlier era of globalization collapsed into world war and depression.  For his part, Thomas Friedman is surely aware of the pre-World War I era of globalization, so he must believe that this current era is fundamentally different. Do you agree or not, and why?   

 

 

5)  Describe the 3 worldviews of international political economy.  Give an example of one country that has moved from one worldview to another in the past 50 years. Make sure to emphasize how the worldviews are different. 

 

 

6)  If you were managing a multinational electrical appliance company, which 2 countries would you expect to offer very little intervention in your business activities, and why?

 

 

7)  What would David Ricardo (the originator of the idea of comparative advantage) say about the Reagan Administration’s decision to impose Voluntary Export Restraints (quotas) on Japanese auto imports into the US? What are major pros and cons of this policy for the US?

 

 

8)   What worldview provides the most useful framework for understanding the World Bank?  Given your choice of worldview, do you believe that the World Bank has helped or hindered the development of poor countries?   

 

 

9)   Raymond Vernon in Sovereignty at Bay said that multinational companies were more powerful than national governments in determining the international distribution of company activities, jobs, etc. Was he right?  Why or why not?

 

 

10) Embedded liberalists say that free-trade and pure market economies have some failings that need to be taken into account.  What failings are these, and what should a government do about them?

 

11) Explain how we can think about the NAFTA agreement from the 3 levels of International Political Economy thinking: individual, national, and international.  Do these perspectives offer the same guidance to the US Government, or different recommendations?

 

 

12)  Did the Global Financial Crisis support or reject the Liberalist worldview?  What would be a sensible response to the crisis, and which worldview does your response represent?

 

 

13) What was the view of the Dependency Theory people in Latin America (led by Raul Prebisch at the UN Center for Latin America)?  What are a couple of elements of policy that they wanted to see from their own countries?

 

 

14) Explain one of the backlashes to globalization that we have read about in this course.  Which worldview do the participants in this movement have?  How should companies respond to this situation in a country where it appears?

 

 

15) Would you say that the Government of China is structuralist, or some other kind of system, and why?

 

 

16) What is a hegemon?  Are we living in a hegemonic world economy today, or in some other situation?  Explain which system you see as characterizing the world economy in 2018.

 

 

17) Explain the differences among structuralism, communism, and dependency theories.

 

 

18) Which worldview was supported by the Bolivian nationalization of the oil & gas industry in that country under Evo Morales in 2006?  As a foreign oil company manager operating in Bolivia, what would you do in response to this policy?

 

 

19) Has the IMF been successful in stabilizing the world financial system and helping countries with balance of payments problems since the end of Bretton Woods?  (You can ignore the Global Financial Crisis, which no one saw coming.)

 

 

20) What are the differences between import-substituting industrialization and export-promoting industrialization? Give an example of a country that has followed each policy.  What should a company do in the situation where it faces a government that uses ISI policies?

 

 

21) If Caterpillar were to discover that its manufacturing in Illinois was not sufficiently competitive, in light of its decision not to move that plant to Mexico under heavy Trump pressure, what alternatives does the company have?  What should Cat do?

 

 

22) What is the difference between absolute advantage and comparative advantage in explaining how countries export and import based on their cost conditions?

 

 

23) In the modern world systems view, what role do periphery countries play in the world economy?  How could a multinational company take advantage of this reality?

 

 

24) Explain the monetary policy trilemma. What situation does Greece find itself in, and how can the Greek government do something about it?

 

 

25) How does the IMF deal with exchange rate policy in the 21st century, now that the Bretton Woods system is long gone?

 

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26) What would have been the best strategy for a construction company such as Cemex in terms of financing its activities and taking on debt in 2007-8, just before the Global Financial Crisis?

 

 

27) Since the IMF is seen as being biased in favor of the Triad countries, what could be done to make the organization more neutral or unbiased in relation to emerging markets?

 

 

28) Given that many emerging markets such as Brazil and Indonesia have tried on numerous occasions to force foreign companies to serve local needs and interests, what strategy would you recommend for Airbnb or KFC to operate in one of those countries?

 

 

29) Which IPE perspective does the Global Financial Crisis demonstrate to be unsustainable by itself?  Which perspective could a government such as that of the United States follow to deal with that crisis, and why?

 

 

30) When the World Bank was created, what was its mission?  How has that mission changed over the years to what it is today?

 

 

31) Which country(ies) is most characterized by the existence of the “other 99%” today?  What could an international company do to defuse this concern to some extent?

 

 

32) Although the World Bank was envisioned as an organization that would support governments in efforts to spur economic development, it also today has a division that operates along with international companies.  What does this division do?  Is it helpful to companies?

 

 

33) Eugene Fama won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2013 for his work explaining how a free financial market works to optimize economic well-being for a country.  Which IPE worldview does this perspective support, and why?  He was joined in winning the Nobel Prize that year by Robert Shiller, who explained how people sometimes make irrational decisions, and the market is not capable of providing sustained prosperity without government intervention to deal with the inefficiencies and imperfections. Which IPE worldview does Shiller’s perspective support, and why?

 

 

34) What does the International Finance Corporation do?  Is this helpful to international companies, or emerging markets, or to whom?

 

 

35) Who was responsible for the Global Financial Crisis, and what government policies could be used to deal with it? Will this enable us to avoid financial crises in the future?

 

 

36) How much is globalization a threat to the nation-state?  Why is this true?  What can national governments do to retain or regain more sovereignty?

 

 

37)  We tend to have a knee-jerk reaction against Marxism.  Name a couple of ideas that were raised by Marx that are challenges to capitalist economies today.  For each one, explain what can be done to deal with the issue (without resorting to a communist overthrow of the system!).

 

 

38) What policy alternatives does the IMF have to help a country with a balance of payments crisis (this means a huge deficit in the overall balance of payments)?  Say that the country is Kenya, and the crisis occurs due to a decline in agricultural product prices including coffee and tea, along with the government spending a lot of money to provide jobs to unemployed people. Again: what can the IMF do to help?

 

 

39) What do you expect to be the impact of the New Development Bank set up by the BRICS countries in 2015?  Let’s say by 2020, what impact can you expect the bank to have, where, and in what way?  Could a company potentially work to get some of its financing needs covered by this bank, and how?

 

 

40) What are the characteristics of the Modern World System as identified by Immanuel Wallerstein?  How could an international company take advantage of this perspective in its business activities? How could the government of an emerging market, say in Africa, use this perspective to choose its economic policies?

 

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