Label the following as examples of voluntary or nonvoluntary and active or passive euthanasia; if passive,

are the measures described more likely to be considered ordinary or extraordinary measures of life support?

a. A person who is dying asks to be given a fatal drug

dose to bring about his death.

b. A dying patient asks that no more chemotherapy

be administered because it is doing nothing but

prolonging her time until death, which is inevitable in a short time anyway.

c. Parents of a newborn whose condition involves

moderate retardation refuse permission for a simple surgery that would repair a physical anomaly

inconsistent with continued life, and they let the

infant die