Listen to the fourth movement of Beethovens Ninth Symphony,

The Chorale Symphony https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ChygZLpJDNE

then answer the following questions.

During which period in Beethovens life did he create this masterpiece?
How does this work affirm Beethovens belief in humanity?
How does this work affirm Beethovens belief in democracy?
Having listened to this work, how do you think Beethoven transcended
the classical ideals of balance, logic, and reason?