To begin the process, you are encouraged to consider the following questions: •

What is the nature and extent of the problem under study? 

• What have others said about this issue/crime/topic? 1 cont. 

• How are certain terms/terminology being defined? •

 Are any of these terms/definitions location specific? •

 What are the key approaches to addressing this issue, and what do they say they found? 

• What research has been done in the area using this theory or approach? •

 Are the findings consistent, or do researchers disagree about how much of this activity goes, the natures and causes of the phenomenon, and/or how best to approach ‘solving’ the problem? •

 What are the identified gaps in the research?