Political change ripples slowly across the sands of the Middle East. In a region accustomed to scant rainfall, traditional cultural values provide security in one of the harshest environments on earth.

That principle has been dramatically challenged by the region’s vital juncture amidst three continents beset by extraordinary demographic and technological influences during the past century. In a carefully documented analysis, select two distinctly different countries and evaluate the most significant factors that have transformed each of them since the conclusion of the First World War.

Focus primarily upon urban-rural settlement patterns, natural resources, secular-religious conflicts, and ideological challenges regarded as alien to the Middle East that have decisively transformed each of the two countries that you have selected. How are the changes similar and distinctly different in each circumstance? Choose (2) from these countries- Iran, Iraq, Palestine, Israel, Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, or Turkey RUBRIC: The paper must be 7 pages in length, double-spaced, numbered, include 1 inch margins, use 12 point Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman, and include a cover page that identifies who you are, the title of the course, the name of your instructor, and state Final Exam. The exam must include footnotes or endnotes and a Works Cited or Bibliography page. The citation style must be Chicago/Turabian.

The selected sources m​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​ust be appropriate to the essay topic, the citations must support the assertions made in the essay, and footnotes or endnotes must be used in each instance where detailed explanations would distract from the argument. The essay will include three main parts—the Thesis/Introduction, Argument, and Conclusion. The Introduction section should clearly state the thesis within the first 1-2 paragraphs. The thesis must be relevant and appropriate to the argument and demonstrate an accurate and complete understanding of the question(s). It should do more than restate the question(s) and offer a brief response and it should be free of grammar & spelling errors. The Argument section should incorporate pertinent details from assigned coursework and carefully cited outside readings if deemed necessary. The section must provide relevant historical evidence to support the thesis and the key claims made in the argument as needed. It should maintain focus and avoid getting sidetracked. It should present your answer(s) to the question(s) asked clearly and concisely in an organized manner and it should be free of grammar & spelling errors. The Conclusion section should be in the last part of your essay within the last 1-2 paragraphs. It should briefly restate the thesis and summarize the main points of the argument. It should also demonstrate insight and understanding regarding the question(s) asked and it should be free of grammar & spelling er​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​rors.