Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for drug addiction has been shown to be an effective treatment strategy, both as a monotherapy and in combination with other therapies and treatment strategies. This is a phenomenological qualitative study that describes the lived experience of adults struggling with Opioid Use Disorder and their experience with CBT strategies moving them to the contemplation stage of change in a residential treatment program.
These individuals have acknowledged that their opioid addiction behavior is a problem that needs to be changed and hence are at the contemplation stage of change. Utilizing Prochaska and DiClemente’s Cycle of Change Model, Aaron Beck’s Cognitive-Behavioral Theory, Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory, and Icek Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior, the study seeks to uncover the recovery process patients with opioid addiction go through and the factors that influence their addiction and behavior change in CBT treatment. Interviews and focus group discussions will be used to collect qualitative data, and thematic analysis will be applied to inductively develop a model to understand the effectiveness of CBT and persistence in recovery from opioid addiction. This model will be grounded in the qualitative data, and will be significant in understanding the phenomenon of change; and how the change process is integrated in the lives of people addicted with opioids, specifically, the effectiveness of CBT in moving adults struggling with opioid addiction from the precontemplation stage of change where they do not see or acknowledge opioid addiction as a problem, to the contemplation stage of change where they are aware and acknowledge that their addiction behavior may be problematic.
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