This assignment focuses on the dissolution of carbon dioxide. There is also an analysis of the formation of carbonic acid.There is a large body of recent scientific literature that deals with the exchange of carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and the oceans.

The dissolution of carbon dioxide-the formation of carbonic acid

The dissolution of carbon dioxide in water reduces the pH of an aqueous system by imparting acidity due to the formation of carbonic acid. There is a large body of recent scientific literature that deals with the exchange of carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and the oceans. A substantial volume of current published research devoted to the understating of carbon dioxide dissolution.  In the ocean water and the potential impact of increased acidity to marine life. Another phenomenon that influences carbon dioxide absorption.  Or release from the ocean surface IS the formation of sparingly soluble carbonate minerals.  (I.e. calcium carbonate) that tend to precipitate to the ocean floor and can sequester large amounts of carbonate in the process.

The dissolution of carbon dioxide-the formation of carbonic acid

As we learned in EN 570 the direction and extent of the acid-base and mineral precipitation reactions are governed by the thermodynamics of the system.  With the pH being the master variable that regulates the amount of inorganic and organic substances in the ocean water column. A major concern that is being investigated by many marine biologists around the world. Is the impact that even small disturbances in the ocean pH could have on sensitive ecosystems such as coral reefs.

There  numerous claims found in peer reviewed literature that slight increases in the acidity of the ocean.  Could impede the calcification process of corals (and foraminifera species such as the miliolid Archaias angulatus). Therefore, their ability to grow. On the other hand recently publish literature in scientific journals supports the hypothesis.  That coral reef calcifiers can cope with potential ocean acidification by buffering their responses using carbonate and bicarbonate. 

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