The apparel supply chain includes a broad network of clothing designers, fabric and finished apparel producers, transportation providers, wholesalers, and direct-to-consumer retailers. It connects all the organizations involved in turning raw materials into finished garments and distributing them to customers. As you all saw in the documentary, post-consumer textile waste is a huge and challenging problem. 76% of the carbon footprint of clothing is in the Yarn to Textile phase. The majority of the students in this class have not taken a textiles course. Conversations about fashion and sustainability need to focus on textiles.


This assignment will provide an introduction to some of the most commonly used textiles in apparel. After you have been introduced to those textiles, you will build on that knowledge by reviewing the  Textile-Exchange_Preferred-Fiber-and-Materials-Market-Report_2021

We will spend part of our next class meeting discussing this assignment.


What Are Our Clothes Made From?


Clothes today are made from a wide range of different materials. Traditional materials such as cotton, linen and leather are still sourced from plants and animals. But most clothes are more likely to be made of materials and chemicals derived from fossil fuel-based crude oil.


There are nine major types of raw materials commonly used in clothing today.


Synthetic materials


The source of synthetic fibres and fabrics is the fossil fuel crude oil. It is estimated that 62% of all fibres used in the fashion industry are made from a synthetic material – mainly polyester, but also nylon, acrylic, polypropylene and elastane. The global synthetic fibres market is predicted to grow 7.39% CAGR over the period of 2021-2025.







One of the oldest used fibres and the most important non-food crop in the world is cotton. Currently, cotton makes up around 24% of all fibre use globally – about 26.2 million tonnes – but its share of the market is declining due to competition from synthetic alternatives. Cotton production is particularly important for farmers in lower-income countries, where approximately 350 million people are involved in its cultivation and processing.


Cellulosic fibres/viscose


These materials begin as cellulose extracted from a natural resource (such as bamboo or trees) that is then crushed, pulped and transformed into fibres using a similar process to the one for making polyester. The most common cellulosic fabric is viscose, prized for its silk-like qualities (rayon, the first type of viscose fabric invented, was created to mimic silk). Around 6.5 million tonnes of man-made cellulosic fibres are produced each year for the textile market with a share of six percent of the total fibre production volume. This share is expected to grow by around 8.1% per year to 2025. Major processing centres for cellulose are China, Japan, South Korea, Pakistan, Taiwan and Indonesia.1




A traditional fibre, particularly in colder climates, wool has a tiny, and decreasing, share of the world market (around 1%). About 1.155 million kilograms (kg) of clean raw wool raw wool per year are produced from a global herd of around 1.177 billion sheep. This roughly equates to just under one wool sweater per person per year for everyone on the planet.  These figures include wool textiles used for items other than garments – such as furniture or carpets.




An ancient, highly prized fabric, silk is mostly derived from the thread produced by the domesticated silkworm species Bombyx Mori. Around 0.11 million tonnes of silk were produced in 2020 (about 0.10% of total fibre)2 in more than 60 countries, but the bulk of production is concentrated in a handful: China, India, Uzbekistan, Brazil, Japan, Korea, Thailand and Vietnam3. Compared to other natural fibres, silk is incredibly valuable and commands a price of around $15 per kilo, making the value of production around $3.03 billion per year.




This is one of the oldest forms of material used by humans as clothing and it remains an important fabric particularly for footwear and accessories. Around 3.8 billion cows and other bovine animals, sheep and goats are used in the leather production industry each year – around one animal for every two people on the planet. More than half the world’s supply of leather raw material comes from developing countries, with China being the dominant buyer and processor. The global trade in raw leather is around $30 billion per year.  


Bast fibres


Bast fibres like flax (for linen), hemp and nettle are a traditional source that has been used by humans for thousands of years, although they presently make up only a small proportion of total fabric use. These fibres are found in the inner bark layer (phloem), of the plant that sit between the woody core (xylem), and the outer-most layer (epidermis). The long phloem cells must be separated from the xylem and epidermis before being further treated to make them ready to weave or knit into fabrics4, either as a pure fibre or in a mix with other fibres such as cotton. Most bast fibres are used for other products such as paper, ropes and carpets.


Experimental fabrics


This is a broad category of fibres and materials that are diverse but make up only a tiny fraction of the entire amount of fabrics used. Many of these are experimental in nature – for example, they may be made from materials originally derived from mushrooms, pineapple or milk.



Assignment Details:

The Textile-Exchange_Preferred-Fiber-and-Materials-Market-Report_2021 is quite lengthy. The assignment will direct you to specific parts of the report for you to read and to collect findings that you feel are the most interesting, important, and relevant to you and others in your cohort to help create conversations around fashion and sustainability.

1.  Read the COTTON section and create a list of 25 findings. Be sure to include findings from each sub-section.

2.  Read the POLYESTER section. Notice the focus is on recycled polyester and NOT virgin polyester (read this link).

   After reviewing the polyester section and the information at the link, create a list of 25 findings.

3. Select two other sections that are of interest to you. For each of those sections, create a list of 15 findings.

4. Read the SPOTLIGHT on CLIMATE+ SOLUTIONS section and create a list of 20 findings.


Welcome to one of the bestassignmenthelpcompanies  online .

·         Do you want to order for a customized assignment help task?

·          Click on the order now button 

·         Set up your topic, Fix the number of pages, Fix your Order instructions 

·         Set up your deadline, upload the necessary files required to complete the task, Complete the payment.

 We delivery high quality and non plagiarized tasks within the stipulated time given