1. What is res ipsa loquitur? Why was the concept introduced to torts law?
  2. Look up the case of Palsgraf v. Long Island R.R. Co., Ct. of App. of N.Y., 248 N.Y. 339, 162 N.E. 99 (N.Y. 1928). To the legal community, Palsgraf is very important and famous case. What is the primary concept that Palsgraf helped establish, and why is it important to negligence law?