The effects of the Black Death were many and varied. Trade suffered for a time, and wars were temporarily abandoned. Many labourers died, which devastated families through lost means of survival and caused personal suffering; landowners who used labourers as tenant farmers were also affected.

Artists portrayed images of death.

Three effects of the Bubonic plague on Europe included widespread chaos, a drastic drop in population, and social instability in the form of peasant revolts.