Cognitive style is how an individual will perceive the object around it. … Cognitive style defines why two different individuals will perceive the same object in different ways and based on their knowledge; both will try solving the problem in a different way.
Cognitive style or thinking style is a concept used in cognitive psychology to describe the way individuals think, perceive and remember information. Cognitive style differs from cognitive ability (or level), the latter being measured by aptitude tests or so-called intelligence tests.
Problem solving is a cognitive process of the brain that searches a solution for a given problem or finds a path to reach a given goal.
Cognitive style is defined here as: Cognitive style is an individual’s typical manner of acquiring, organizing, and processing information. It is habitual, relatively stable across time and situations, influences preferences, and underlies behavior including decision making
.A heuristic is another type of problem solving strategy. While an algorithm must be followed exactly to produce a correct result, a heuristic is a general problem-solving framework (Tversky & Kahneman, 1974). You can think of these as mental shortcuts that are used to solve problems