Agency refers to the power of individuals, groups, and institutions to resist, blunt, or alter historical conditions.
Your introduction should describe the historical research question that you posed. This should also include a description of the historical context of your topic
The concept of historical agency enables students to understand the actions of people in the past as decisions made from a range of choices, in order to compare and contrast with their own daily lives. great lengths to convince themselves and others that it was acceptable.
Choosing a career. Groups joining a social movement. Picking a spouse (also called affective individualism). Selecting a dessert off a menu.
In summary, someone having agency means that they have both pre-reflective awareness and introspective consciousness of actions. They can control their actions, make plans and take efforts towards to a goal(s)